You are here
Home > Chronology
Year Auguste Pavie Indochina France and colonial empire
1847

31st May. Birth of Auguste Pavie in Dinan

Auguste Pavie with his mother and his brother (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1848

Advent of the Second Republic

Abolition of slavery

1850

Birth of Pierre Pavie

1851

Birth of Adèle Pavie

2nd December. Coup d’état
by Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte

1852

Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte
proclaimed Emperor

1853

Occupation of
New Caledonia

1854

Louis Faidherbe becomes
Governor of Senegal

1857

Submission of the Kabyle.

Faidherbe creates the Senegalese
Infantry

« The flag of the native Senegalese infantry ».
Front cover of the 1st June 1919 edition of the "Petit Journal"
(©Kharbine-Tapabor)

Start of the war
against the Toucouleur Empire.

1858

Anglo-French expedition
in China

1st Tientsin Treaty
with China

Creation of the ministries for
Algeria and the Colonies

1859

Capture of Hué
Capture of Saigon by Admiral
Rigault de Genouilly

Taking the citadel of Saïgon
by vice-admiral
Rigault de Genouilly
in 1859.
Painting by Antoine Morel Fatio.
Versailles, Musée du château
(©Roger-Viollet)

2nd Tientsin Treaty

1860

Journey of Napoleon III
to Algeria

1863

16th April. Treaty of Hué
(ceding of three provinces
in Lower Cochinchina)

11th August. Cambodia becomes
a French protectorate

1864

Soldier in the 62nd regiment of the line (Brest)

Pavie the soldier (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1866 - 1868

Expedition to the Mekong

Mekong commission. Doudart de Lagrée expedition (©BNF/Geographic Society)
1867

Soldier in the 4th Marine Infantry regiment

Occupation of the remainder
of Cochinchina

Franco-Siamese treaty
regarding Cambodia

1868

Pavie sets sail for Saigon

1869

Assistant officer in the Telegraph Service

Ounkam becomes King
of Luang Prabang

King Ounkham (©Quai Branly Museum/Scala, Florence)
1870 - 1871

Defeat in Sedan
Fall of the Second Empire
18th March – 28th May Paris Commune
10th Loss of Alsace and Lorraine
4th September. Third Republic de
proclaimed

Kabyle Insurrection

1871

Stanley finds
Livingstone

« Doctor Livingstone I presume » in Henry Stanley
"How I found Livingstone"
(©ANOM all rights reserved)
1873

20th November. Francis Garnier
seizes the citadel
of Hanoi.

21st December. Death of Francis Garnier

Death of Francis Garnier
Private collection
(©AKG-Images)

Closure of slave
market in Zanzibar

1874

Telegraph Service competitive examination

15th march
Philaster Treaty
with the Emperor
of Annam

1875 - 1878

1st expedition by
Brazza on the Ogowe river

Brazza by Nadar (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1876

Posting to Kampot

A street in Kampot (©Quai Branly Museum/scala, Florence)

Brussels Geographic Conference

1878

Beginnings of the conquest
of French Sudan
by Gallieni

« General Gallieni, the peacemaker »
Epinal picture
(©Kharbine-Tapabor)
1879

Posting to Phnom Penh

The Mekong in Phnom Penh (©Quai Branly Museum/Scala, Florence)

Le Myre de Vilers named first
civilian governor of Cochinchina

1880

23rd September 1880 - 10th November 1881.
1Jules Ferry’s First Ministry
Tahiti becomes a French colony
Treaties between Brazza and the Makoko

Makoko treaties (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1881

Start of the war between
France and China
for control of Annam.

Massacre of the Flatters mission by
the Touaregs.

« The survivors of the Flatters mission are poisoned by the Touareg » on the 10th March 1881.
G Dasher’s notebook cover circa 1900
(©IM/Kharbine-Tapabor)

Creation of an Under-Secretariat of State for the Colonies
May. Treaty of Bardo (Protectorate over Tunisia)
Lat Diro Insurrection in Senegal
Baule Insurrection in Côte d’Ivoire
French protectorate over Fouta Djallon (Guinea)

1882

Pavie initiated at the "Réveil de l’Orient" lodge in Saigon

Death of Commander Rivière in Hanoi

Death of Riviere in Hanoi (©Kharbine-Tapabor)

Protectorate established over the Gambier
and Tuamotu Islands
Occupation of the oases of Touggourt,
Ouargal and the Mzab
July. Beginning of the military
occupation of Egypt by the British

1883 - 1885

3rd Brazza mission
"Mission of the African West"

1883

August. Protectorate treaty imposed
on Annam

23rd February – 30th March 1885
Ferry’s Second Ministry

« Ferry is happy ».
Caricature by Blass, published in the 18th May 1890 edition of "the Pilori"
(©Jean Vigne/Kharbine-Tapabor)

Beginning of the war against Samory
Touré in French Sudan

1884

Knight of the Legion of Honour

Treaty of Tien tsin through
which China recognises
French protectorate over
Annam and Tonkin

New protectorate over Cambodia

November. Opening of the Berlin
Conference

1885

Senior official in the Telegraph Service Creation of the Cambodian School 11th Nov. appointed vice-consul of Luang Prabang

Pavie on the banks of the Mekong (©Dinan municipal Library)

Beginning of the Cambodian
Insurrection

Langson disaster

Expedition to Madagascar

1887

10th Feb. arrival in Luang Prabang June - Sacking of Luang Prabang

Luang Prabang (©Quai Branly Museum/Scala, Florence)

Creation of the Indochinese Union
qwhich places Annam, Tonkin,
Cochinchina and Cambodia
under the authority of the Governor

1888

February-March – meets the Pernot column Additional personnel join the Pavie Mission

The mission in 1888 (©ANOM all rights reserved)

Founding of Djibouti

1889

Creation of the French
Africa Committee
Founding of the Colonial School
Protectorate over Côte d’Ivoire
November 1889. Start of the
Anti-Slavery Conference in Brussels

1890

April 1st meeting with Deo Van Tri

Deo Van Tri (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1891

Consul General in Bangkok

April. Massacre of
the Crampel Mission

Crampel in Le Tour du monde, 1892 (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1892

Minister Resident in Bangkok

Founding of the Colonial Party
in parliament

Expedition to Dahomey

1893

General Commissioner in Laos

Pavie (© ANOM all rights reserved)

Occupation of the Isle of Khone
by the French

Khone island.
pictures Lucien de Reinach
(©ANOM all rights reserved)

3rd October – Franco-Siamese Treaty

Creation of the Colonial Union

Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea
and Dahomey become
French colonies

1894

Creation of the Colonies Ministry

Final occupation of Timbuktu

1895

Final departure from Indochina Herbet-Fournet Prize from the Geographic Society

Agreement between France
and China on the Indochinese
border

Expedition to Madagascar
and annexation of the island (1896)

The Madagascar Expedition.
Picture of a hova camp. Front cover of the 2nd June 1895 edition of the "Petit Journal"
(©Kharbine-Tapabor)

Creation of General Government
in French West Africa which
unites Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea,
Senegal and Sudan.

1896

Plenipotentiary Minister

Anglo-French
border
agreement

The Anglo-French demarcation commission (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1897 - 1902

Paul Doumer Governor
General of Indochina

1897

Marriage to Hélène Gicquelais

Auguste Pavie and Hélène Gicquelais' marriage certificate (©Paris Departmental Archives)
1898

Publication of the 1st Mission volume Birth of Paul Pavie

Laos is included
in the Indochinese Union

Capture of Samory Touré
in French Sudan

« Capture of the horrendous Samory by Captain Gouraud and Lieutenant Jacquin »
in the 9th October edition of the "Pèlerin"
(©Kharbine-Tapabor)

Fashoda Crisis in
the upper Nile between Marchand
and Kitchener
Establishment of concessionary
companies in the Congo

1899

Publication of the map of Indochina

Map of Indochina by Boucher (©Private collection)

Voulet-Chanoine Mission

1900

End of the Rabah Empire
in Chad

« The head of Rabah, killed in the battle of Kousseri, brought to the French camp »
in the 12th August 1900 edition of the Journal Illustré
(©Kharbine-Tapabor)
1901

Revolt by the mountain dwellers
of the Boloven plateau.

1903

Geographic Society Grand Gold Medal.

1905

Inspection mission
by Brazza in the Congo

Brazza’s recall in "Le Petit journal", 1905 (©ANOM all rights reserved)

Moroccan crisis in Tangier

1906

Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour

Pavie (©ANOM all rights reserved)

Conference of Algeciras

1907

Siam returns three Cambodian
provinces to France

1910

Creation of French Equatorial
Africa combining the Gabon,
the Congo, Oubangui-Chari
and Chad

Illustrated poster of the French Equatorial Africa circa 1850 (©ANOM all rights reserved)
1912

Treaty of Fez installing
French protection over Morocco

« The Epiphany cake in 1912 » in the 7th January 1912 edition of the "Excelsior" (©Kharbine Tapabor)
1917

Annexation of Cameroon

1919

First Pan-African Congress in Paris

France and Britain
share Togo
and Cameroon

« The native chiefs of the black populations of Togo and Cameroun in Anecho are coming to ask the Republic’s Commissionary to obtain the French nationality »
in the 6th April 1919 edition of the "Pèlerin"
(©Kharbine-Tapabor)
1919 - 1921

July 1919 – March 1921. :
Revolt by the Hmong (Meos)
in the Xieng Khouang region
against taxation and conscription

Méos (©Quai Branly Museum/Scala, Florence)
1920

League of Nations mandates
granted to France in Lebanon and Syria

1921

Publication of “A la conquête des coeurs”

1922

Annexation of the French
Somali Coast

1925

7th June. Death at la Raimbaudière

Pavie by his son (ANOM all rights reserved)